Though born more than a hundred years apart, these two authors shared a common ideological passion for life. The Reformation shaped the life of Miguel Cervantes, while it was the Enlightenment that gave Voltaire his perspective. Both periods shared a common theme of Church and State criticism and ridicule. The vehicle used by both to dispatch these institutions was satirical fiction. It was effective, often cruel, pointed and biting. And it got both writers into trouble on occasion.
The Reformation was a volatile time for Europeans. It was precipitated by earlier events, like the Western Schism, the expansion of the Moors into Spain and The Black Death, all of which eroded people’s faith in the Catholic Church. That along with the printing press and the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire led Martin Luther to posting his “95 theses” condemning Catholicism . The Spanish Inquisition was also significant during this period, reaching its pinnacle before the taking of Grenada, ending the Muslim presence in Iberia in 1492.
The Age of Enlightenment was a cultural revolution, prompted by science and logic. Its purpose was to reform society with reason, challenge ideas grounded in tradition and faith and advance knowledge through the scientific method. It promoted science, skepticism and intellectual interchange, opposing superstition, intolerance and abuses by Church and State. Gone was the age of chivalry, to be replaced later by a naive optimism, the two main themes in the works of Cervantes and Voltaire.
DON QUIXOTE De La Mancha By Miguel Cervantes
Chivalry had died out during the Reformation, although the cornerstone of it (Might makes Right) was alive and well in Spanish Christendom. It was in the guise of the powerful Inquisition . (Interesting too, that the narrator calls himself, Cide Hamette Benengeli, an Arab of Moorish Spain. Its as if Cervantes wants to introduce the 1st great European novel to be written by a Muslim.)
Thus we find Alonso Quijano, a land owner from La Mancha . He is obsessed with his library of chivalrous books . Driven mad by the inconsistencies he perceives in his own time, he sets out to restore dignity to the lost profession of knight-errantry (as if to reform the Reformation).
He assembles a rudimentary sword, tarnished and dented suit of armor and a bowed plough horse named Rocinante, falsely perceiving himself to be a dashing Knight on his stallion steed in glimmering silver armor ; and then heads out into Spain in his quest for glory, calling himself, Don Quixote. Accompanied by his faithful , bloated and longsuffering squire, Sancho Panza, the two chase his dream through the contemporary countryside. The discussions between them along the way are endless and bizarre, in which Quixote’s heightened insane view of life come crashing down to earth with Sancho’s sly pragmatism. They are locked into mutually exclusive views of the world, even though one cannot do without the other. The reader faces in the same moment, an ideal world and the brutal facts of the real world.
Quixote tilts with windmills, thinking they are giants and fights with innkeepers he envisions to be ogres, causing heavy damage to their premises while also attempting to rescue a maiden in the form of a statue of the Virgin Mary from her captors only to get beaten up by priests. He acquaints himself with a scullery whore and names her Dulcinea, a noblewoman of refined qualities . We then wonder if he will ever see the world for what it is, laughing at every episodic adventure. But in the end, it is he who has the last laugh.
Yet we continue to read page after page, year after year, century after century of his adventures and faux conquests feeling quite sorry for the moribund hero. It is only when Quixote is confronted by the Knight of the Mirrors (a disguise by his neighbor ) in which The man from La Mancha recognizes his reflection for what it is, does the adventure cease. But with that, Cervantes craftily leads us to the recognition that even though the man was mad, his world view held more sanity than the real world about which he lived.
The Resident Scholar - Doug Taylor
The Beatles were the One Direction of their day, or to put it correctly, One Direction are The Beatles of today. Few bands have been so loved for so long as the boys from Liverpool. My mother spent her teenage years listening to The Beatles. It’s a love that hasn’t faded, and it’s a love she passed on to me. I remember playing her albums (in the days before CDs and downloads to your IPod), singing along to the songs.
So, what’s the point of my reminiscing, you ask? Well, I’ve just finished a new graphic novel called Baby’s in Black. It’s about the early days of The Beatles, when the Fab Four was the Fab Five and they were playing small clubs in Germany, and had yet to make their big debut in America. At its core is the blossoming relationship between Stuart Sutcliffe (the fifth Beatle) and Astrid Kirchherr, a German photographer. It tells of their first meeting and their instant attraction for one another. It details the early struggles the group had trying to make a living in Germany; of Sutcliffe’s renewed interest in painting; and his eventual departure from the group. It also tells of his growing headaches and fatigue, followed by his untimely death at age 21. Subtly alluded to at first, his condition is always acknowledged, but downplayed as merely working too hard.
The book is drawn in lovely black and white, and while the artwork may be simple by design, it is no less effective in the story it tells. Arne Bellstorf, who wrote and illustrated the book, does a fine job conveying a sweet love story between Stuart and Astrid, which is the real heart of the book. It’s actually a rather nice surprise to see it from Astrid’s point of view. John, Paul, George, Stuart and Pete (Ringo Starr was not a part of the group at this time) are just teens who really want to play music. There is only a hint of the fame that is to come.
The characters are distinct enough to know who’s who, and the drawing is charming. At 196 pages, it certainly can’t go into massive detail about the events but it does a nice job of giving you enough of the story to know what’s going on. It’s a pleasant, nostalgic look at The Beatles before they were The Beatles.
Heather, the Graphic Novel Goddess
How It All Vegan! : Irresistible Recipes for an Animal-Free Diet by Tanya Barnard and Sara Kramer is a fun, kind and just plain wonderful cookbook. There is a lot of interest in Veganism right now, folks have many questions and concerns whether their nutritional needs will be met with a Vegan diet, well this book does a great job of addressing these valid concerns and is a heck of a cookbook to boot! Step into this book with an open mind and one will come out preparing some of the most scrumptious, healthiest meals a non-meat eater can experience!
I know many of you are thinking the Dish has jumped into the deep end of the casserole pan, but I tell you these vegan recipes are delicious. With the recipe’s wholesome qualities glaring me in the face I knew there was only one choice in this Vegan cookbook for me: the “Garden Medley Vegetable Stew”! The recipe suggests that one throw in whatever vegetables one has in the fridge, and I did. The recipe also called for a butternut squash repeating a butternut squash, don’t get me wrong I love butternut squash, it’s just that they are very difficult to cut. After the squash cutting the concocting of the stew went well, and after about 55 minutes of simmering I turned the heat off and let the stew rest for about 15 minutes, then chowed down on very, very good stew This is a great cookbook even for the non-vegans, just cook something from this book and enjoy life!
Check out the book at Foster Library, or put a hold on it - we will send it to you!
If there are any cookbooks in Foster Library’s collection that you would like me to try out, please leave the title on our Facebook page and I’ll get cooking.
Yes! We now have a collection of over 100 digital magazine subscriptions available to you online! Issues may be read on a variety of computer platforms and mobile devices (iOS and Android apps are available).
The link to Zinio - Digital Magazines from Recorded Books is found on our eLibrary page under the "Magazine & Journal Articles" subject heading. You will need to create 2 accounts to get started: one to gain access to the collection (along with your library card number) and another, separate Zinio account to manage your subscriptions. Enjoy!
This is primarily a serious novel, presented in the guise of comedy. Not that Dickens makes the reader swallow a bitter pill with sugar coating. All of the elements of comedy are presented against the backdrop of an unsettled early 19th century. Pickwick Papers exhalts the joys of travel, the pleasures of eating and drinking well, the fellowship of men, innocence, benevolence, youthfulness and romance. However, Dickens achieves these values against rather unpleasant realities. Comforable travel is contrasted with the stagnent squalor of prison life. Good food and drink are played off against the grubby victuals and cheap wine of prison. Male friendships are set off against predatory wives, widows and spinsters as well as mean and unscrupulous men.
Behind the episodic work lies the influence of Cervantes, Voltaire and Dante with the sarcastic criticism of the legal and political corruptions of their day. And in the case of the Pickwick Papers, it is the idea of debtor’s prison that has Dickens all afire.
In May, 1827, the Pickwick Club of London, headed by Samual Pickwick, decides to establish a traveling society in which four members travel about England and make reports on their travels. The four members are Mr. Pickwick, a kindly businessman and philosopher whose thoughts never rise above the commonplace, Tracy Tupman, a ladies man who never makes a conquest, Augustus Snodgrass ,a poet who never writes a poem and Nathaniel Winkle, a sportsman of incredible ineptitude.
The four are met with all kinds of civil unrest , unwanted marriage proposals and hilarious treachery as they travel about. They cause a lot of damage, through no adventure of their own, and when Pickwick refuses to pay damages for things not his fault, he is thrown into Fleet Prison, an incarceration facility for debtors. Eventually, he pays his debts in order to be freed to pay off the debts of his associates (the result of several political corruption scandels). His associates are forever grateful, though the Pickwick Society is later dissolved because of the class hatred from “lesser” society. In the end, he becomes Godfather to many of his associates children garnished through the ruthlessness of their predatory wives, widows and spinstered mistresses. It is a grand portal through which English Society is seen in the squaler that greed has created through industry and politics.
The Resident Scholar - Doug Taylor
We are happy to work with City Impact to provide free parenting sessions to our community! We have a variety of options, based on your needs and your schedule. All events will take place in the Topping Room at Foster library.
One-stop session: 3/13 6:00 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.The Power of Positive Parenting
8 week session in English: 3/19-5/7 every Tuesday from 10:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. Positive Parenting Group meets weekly to learn parenting techniques. From giving praise to creating rules and following up with effective discipline, this group will cover it all!
8 week session in Spanish: 3/16 - 5/13 every Tuesday from 12:00 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. Para apuntarse a esta clase o recibir mas informacion sobre el programa de Triple P, favor de llamar a City Impact: (805) 983-3636 ex. 103
Registration is required for these events, call (805) 983-3636 ext #103 for more info. Hope to see you there!
Approximately 300 varieties of fish and shellfish are native to California. In Ventura, rock crab, spider crab, mackerel, herring, halibut, sanddabs, bass, perch and a variety of sharks and rays can be caught off the Ventura Pier.
Ventura has been a prime spot for seafood since the Chumash first established their villages in the area,. If you would like to pursue this ancient art, there are many books available at E. P. Foster Library to guide you.
Six Baby Read Aloud Stages:
1. The Lisener (0-2 months) Read anything for the purpose of the the baby hearing your voice and books you read to them before they were born.
2. The Observer (2-4 months) read books with rhymes and songs and books with black & white pictures or bold colors.
3. The Cooer (4-8 months) Read touch & feel books to stimulate the senses and use teething books.
4. The Babbler (8-12 months) Read books with noise and buttons or books that label objects or body parts.
5. The Word Maker (12-18 months) Use books that ask questions and ones that have rhymes/song and handmovements.
6. Phrase Maker (18-24 months)Read books that contain colors, numbers and basic concepts as well as books about the child current interest, fairies, trucks, animals, etc.
Baby Read Aloud Basics by Caroline Blakemore (372.4)-Star